Wednesday, December 21, 2016

The fact of the Renewable Energy Industrial Technology

[caption id="attachment_53" align="aligncenter" width="600"]Technology The fact of the Renewable Energy Industrial Technology[/caption]

The fact of the Renewable Energy Industrial Technology


The widespread use of alternative energy as a source of energy from renewable industrial technology is as energy saving movement of the fossil material. Alternative energy has the same ability to energy derived from fossil material, in addition to alternative energy derived from natural ingredients such as herbs and natural energy bumu (wind, water, waves) to make alternative energy more environmentally friendly than the energy made from fossil.


The use of alternative energy as a renewable energy technology industry is expected to save energy and protecting the environment and can also be used to meet the needs of many people.



In addition there are also some other facts of renewable energy, namely:


1. The use of solar energy or solar and wind energy have increased since the first use in 2007. Therefore, until now the construction of solar power plants and wind energy increasingly digalakan.
2. Costs incurred to pay for electrical energy generated from solar energy and wind energy more muranh compared with fossil-based energy.
3. Renewable energy has been used as the main energy source in developed countries and is expected to be followed by developing countries in the vicinity.
4. Almost all countries are already using renewable energy. In Spain wind energy to meet the electricity needs Spain to 42%. Followed by other countries such as Denmark, Australia, the Philippines, the United States, to India.
5. Renewable energy already meets 22% of the worldwide electricity.
6. The leading investment banks have advised investors to switch to renewable energy investments.


Renewable energy sources are now not become no longer possible, in line with the growing age and increasing human needs energy must also grow. Energy used as renewable industrial technology expected to be used to meet the needs of many people. Besides alternative energy production processes can also be enjoyed by many people. By continuing to enhance the development of alternative energy technology and presumably existing now be utilized as well as possible.

Tuesday, December 20, 2016

Trend Technology Renewable Industry in 2016

[caption id="attachment_50" align="aligncenter" width="600"]Technology Trend Technology Renewable Industry in 2016[/caption]

Trend Technology Renewable Industry in 2016


Making technology more advanced age also developed along with increasing also the need and the power of human imagination. In 2016 this trend renewable technology industry is dominated by gadgets or items that serve to help the lives of everyday people. Some of these technologies may arise due to increasingly diverse needs of people and the power and innovation imajinasis someone.


The emergence of various renewable technologies industry ranging from field ototmotif until the gadget is intended to meet human needs in order to achieve a balanced life. Some renewable technologies is a trend in 2016 are:


1. Smart Car
In the automotive field you will begin to hear often smart car, the car was able to walk independently but it is also the home environment because it uses electrical energy as fuel. Smart car made to encourage safe travel for humans and also environmentally friendly.


2. Wearables device
For the field of wearable communication device will be used more often because there are applications that will be often used by humans. Although the wearable device is still constrained by battery life of future gadgets but this one will be developed again.


3. Virtual reality
For lovers of games this year virtual reality has begun to develop even have anyone to enter Indonesia. the presence of virtual reality is not just for playing games but also can be used to watch video.


4. Smart gadget
There was no denying the existence of smart gadgets like mobile phones, pc, laptop, and tablet help people in their daily activities, this year is predicted to be more gadget which brings together some of the gadgets that have been mentioned above in a single device to facilitate users.


The existence of some of the latest gadgets is simply not just to enliven the renewable industry technology but also to meet your needs such as information and comfort every day. The number of the latest technology that emerged this year is expected to assist you in your daily activities and be used as well as possible in accordance with the main function of these technologies.

Renewable Industrial Technology Information Technology

[caption id="" align="aligncenter" width="592"]Teknologi industri terbarukan Teknologi industri terbarukan[/caption]

Renewable Industrial Technology Information Technology


Communication is an important thing that unites many people, in addition to the communication of information is also important that everyone needs. One way to meet the needs of communication and information is to use a mobile phone or smartphone. Renewable industry technology to provide mobile communications field experienced growth every year.



Developments in the field of communication gave birth to the latest technology in cell phones until now. Some technologies renewable industry are:


1. The fee for electronic and digital wallet


The concept of mobile payment used several brands of mobile phones is expected to be popular this year. This digital money transactions serves to tools such as paper money in general, so it can be used to buy something.



2. Flexible Screen


The emergence of the mobile phone screen is more flexible to be curved attract much attention of many consumers, so this year the curved screen and display technology cuved still a mainstay of several mobile phone companies.



3. Nanotechnologies


For the industrial part of nanotechnologies will be excellent for tahunini. Various objects can be made using nano technology besides nano technology can also improve the functions and powers of these objects.



4. Robot Technology


Robots are already being developed back in its function as auxiliaries human task, although the effects of the robot has not been entered in Indonesia namu some developed countries continued to develop a robot to get closer to people and helping people work.



5. Data storage


Data becomes important than money in this world, a lot of people up to the company to pay dearly to maintain the available data. Therefore, the data storage into one technology that will demand a lot of people looking for this year.


Technology renewable industry is still dominated by the electronic industry ranging from mobile phones, cars, robot until the tool to produce the goods. These technological advances are expected to meet the needs of many people for communication and information, but also can be used wisely. Similarly, some renewable technologies which we can pass may be useful for you.

Friday, December 16, 2016

The development of The Computer Technology Rapidly

[caption id="attachment_44" align="aligncenter" width="599"]Computer Technology Computer Technology[/caption]

The development of The Computer Technology Rapidly


If you are happy to follow the development of technology is certainly one that is often discussed and the very rapid development is a computerized technology are already many people who started this in the computer field. You live your self control in order to enliven in the development of computerized technology. With spending significant time in the development and assembly of a broad assortment of control very advanced and intense movement, provision of information, testing and estimation, and additional, computerized central bouncing progress, manufacturers are now pushing the progressive changes in the realm of motion control and technology robotization.


For the current business to achieve and manage their development focus to the center and get high productivity in their operations are considered really important so that the continuous expanding motion control and technology robotization has consistently grown in significance.


This is expressly why organizations should organize their attention to discover and actualize item movement control and answers with the execution of complex and security to create and perfectionize every last procedure - which will only continue to rise and separate themselves as the angle of its very own on the nature of gesture control and robotization technology.


The employments settings as switching becomes increasingly important with applications far reaching, for example, CNC, 3D printing, mechanical technology, and a wide variety of stages and modern hardware that is used as part of that assembly, bundling, sharing, testing and investigation, and the various other forms of robotization.


One of the biggest advances in the realm of motion control has been reconciliation gadget control system with most of the major frameworks such as Windows and Linux.


This has allowed the advancement of technology, in particular, attract the young and the judgment of experts in addition to the worldwide efforts worldwide.


Offers the driver outstanding Windows, library, case, and incredible special support for each product is an awesome thing else unique pride in their great reputation for outstanding client administration and the best item.

Thursday, December 15, 2016

Need ideas Creative Technology To Develop

[caption id="attachment_41" align="aligncenter" width="600"]Technology Need ideas Creative Technology To Develop[/caption]

Need ideas Creative Technology To Develop


If you have a few things related to technology development it would not hurt for you to opt into it so you can become one of the thousands of people who have contributed this idea in the development of today's technology.


Pioneers who think of technology as an "appetizer dark" (as one of the chief once told me) that cover their heads in the sand and must be made aware of or prepared. Individuals who set a spending plan public assets should be educated from the victory of the areas that have been reproduced planning instruction and work hones. This region using technology to build business productivity and development of substitute adapt, saving money and actually instruct understudies while meeting the No Child Left Behind command:


One of the associations of the most grounded of the area of this high school west of the Mississippi River is Benchmarking Consortium of the American West. This area continues to score more goals than the standard tests, have a high graduation rates, and have a dropout rate that is lower when compared and comparative demographic and unique. school districts are early adopters of technology and has been used to improve educators, understudies and their business groups.


Right-hand Superintendent John Q. Officers from Montgomery County Public Schools, an area of outstanding schools on the East Coast, is expressed in the June issue of District Administration magazine, "Our enemy is time, and the technology is the main way [to battle].. However, there are people who do not understand the importance of technology because they fear one of the main things you understand that technology is a technology that changes; individuals who come up short in creating frameworks do not understand the elements of progress. "


Two years ago, Poway Unified School District will contract 32 new instructors. Office technology used their information warehousing instruments to show their local pioneers needed just 25 instructors. authority to take after their recommendations as opposed to taking after the old pattern, and they show proper estimation. avoid the area about $ 350,000 in wage levels - more than the cost of the establishment of warehouse information.

Wednesday, December 14, 2016

Technology Development With Everything To Life

[caption id="attachment_38" align="aligncenter" width="600"]Technology Technology[/caption]

Technology Development With Everything To Life


If talking technology then there would be no end you feel how development can be very useful for human life. Often this technology is applied to facilitate educators and become a tool in any material given to students so that learning can be more interactive.


Replacement ratings have changed. Trish Williams and Michael Kirst, in their article "Educational Practices that Matter" (Leadership Magazine, March / April 2006), high-performing regional state should have an evaluation that conform with state benchmarks and can quickly educate instructors from the results. online assessment provides the proper way to evaluate policy decisions understudies to improve learning, with 24 hours or faster reporting of results. It should be a typical practice to strengthen NCLB understudies and fulfill orders.



All financial plan, regardless of the business or division, should be thoroughly checked to see how technology can make a backing and finished items more helpful. Also, a pioneering approach should continue to examine what new advances will emerge sooner rather than later, and examines how the new instrument will affect the program instructions in their nearby training organization. All must be in constant learning mode and work together to imagine how we can put understudies the way for the development of scientific endlessly. Taking after a few stages to start down the road to the right to use public assets to support the technology.


Information base driven leadership is a key part of this initial step. For the most part, there are three ranges of which information should be accumulated: demand instructional and business framework to increase their demand, and gears and programming is expected to meet the demand.


Instructional and business demand: the demand is driven by a local destination, the group wishes, the command state and government, financial imperatives and union rules. Desire is higher for the regions to create understudies who performed better on tests of government sanctions and displays great citizenship. The business side of the training there to enhance learning exercises that will fulfill that desire.

Friday, December 9, 2016

Things to Do in Jakarta Attractions

This article will give a list of things to do in Jakarta attractions that will guide exploring the main interest places that you have to visit in this crowded and hectic city. Jakarta also provides a couple of modern recreations from the grand theme park, amusement park to animal attractions which allow you experience the culture and arts of this city.


Chinatown
Chinatown of Jakarta is both culturally and historically important site. This place is sometimes called as Glodok. This place is located nearby Kota Tua where you can trip down memory lane with the architecture of eastern that is dominating the place. You can find a couple of old temples which are a forming section of the townscape, besides a couple of family-rub restaurants and businesses.

Ragunan Zoo
Ragunana Zoo is located in Pasar Minggu South Jakarta. This place is sometimes called as Kebun Binatang Ragunan or Taman Margasatwa Ragunan. This zoo has been established since the Dutch colonial time. At this zoo, you can see almost 3,000 types of animals, from local and around the world. The cool setting of the forest of the place makes you love walking around to enjoy large animals such as Sumatran tigers, Tapirs, Orang Utans, and Komodo dragons and also a couple of kinds of tropical birds.


Museum Wayang
Museum Wayang is the home of puppetry, paraphernalia, and masks which are connected to performing arts which come from Indonesia and around the world. This is the Puppet Museum of Indonesia which was built by Dutch East India Company. You can find a couple of wooden Javanese Golek figures and leather shadow puppets and you can also enjoy the traditional dolls showcase from European and Asian continents. The workshops of puppetry are held regularly at the museum. This is one of the interesting places that are one of the things to do in Jakarta attractions.

Thursday, December 8, 2016

What is culture? Indonesia Popular Cultures

What is culture? Some Instances of Indonesia Popular Cultures


What is culture? Talking about culture, we will never find its ending because culture will always be alive and never die despite the world is going to its ending. Culture is something that must be owned by anyone who lives in a community and each country in this world has its own cultures that can attract other people to know about their culture. In this article, Indonesia Travel Singapore would like to share with you about what is culture and some popular cultures in Indonesia.


According to the general thought, culture can be relating to anything that is unique and refers to a certain group of people. There are so many cultures that you can find in Indonesia from Sabang to Merauke. Each province has its own culture. Some of the Indonesia cultures which are quite popular are:




  • Wayang Kulit Shows
    Wayang Kulit also known as Shadow Puppet is one of the most popular cultures that you can find in Java. This culture is still preserved until now and it can be proved by the numbers of Wayang Kulit shows that you can watch when you come to Java, especially when you visit Yogyakarta, Semarang, Surabaya, and other Java regions.

  • Ondel-Ondel Show
    What is culture? Another sample of Indonesian culture is an Ondel-Ondel show that is originated from Betawi or Jakarta. Ondel-ondel is kind of puppet but it has a bigger size that will be brought when there are some festivals in Jakarta. It is also commonly presented during someone wedding. This ondel-ondel show is really unique and you can only find it in Jakarta.

  • Pendet Dance
    Have you ever visited Bal? Bali is one of the most popular tourist destinations that offer thousands of attraction including Pendet dance. What is culture? Now, you know that Pendet dance also belongs to Indonesia most popular culture that you should never miss when visiting Bali. The dancers consist of some women with beautiful traditional Bali dress that really makes the dancers look adorable.

  • Batak Language
    It is known that there are about 500 traditional languages that you can find in Indonesia. One of the most spoken ones is Batak language from north Sumatera. Batak language also belongs to Indonesia culture that is really unique and special. However, this is only spoken the native who is coming from North Sumatera while the other provinces also have their own language to speak. Still, when they talk with other ethnics, they must use Indonesia language as a national language.

Monday, December 5, 2016

The Most Exciting Bali Tourist Attractions

There are a couple of best Bali tourist attractions that fit for any kind of visitor. Bali is the home of unique and beautiful places from action-packed to the cultural places. For those of you who love to play with your adrenaline, you can challenge yourself with a couple of exciting places and you can also enjoy the beautiful countryside of interiors of Bali. And also enjoy the cultural and history sites while you can also find a lot of temples. The most well-known Bali tourist attractions come with a couple of highlights that you can find across the eight different regencies of the island from the coastal waters to cool uplands. At this article, you will find a lot of information about the best tourist destinations in Bali that you have to visit.

Lovina

Lovina is the largest resort space which is located in the Bali north coast. This place is well-known for the sand of black volcanic that you can find along the beach. There are also a couple of small villages. This place is the best spot for those of you who love scuba diving and snorkeling because you will find calmer waters if compared to the south. If you want to go to the best diving spots, you have to use Perahu that will be helped by the local skippers. If you want to swim, the calm sea is the best spot and you can also enjoy watching dolphin. This is the perfect tourist destination for those of you who have the big family.

Pura Luhur Uluwatu

Pura Luhur Uluwatu is located on the Bukit Peninsula at the southern of Bali. This is one of the biggest Hindu temples that you can find in Bali. This temple is founded in the 11th century. A couple of visitors are allowed in order to go to the grounds and see the beautiful views whether you want to be helped by the guide or not, even though only Hindu priests are welcome into the innermost sanctuary. The Ganesha statues can be seen as the entrance to the complex of the temple, and you can also see numerous groups of monkeys. You can enjoy the dances that will be performed for you every evening at sunset. So for those of you who still do not have a plan for your vacation, it is better for you to choose this place as your destination.

Thursday, December 1, 2016

Abutours Best Answer For Travel Umroh Jakarta

Looking for the Best Jakarta Travel Umrah, Yes Abutours is the answer


The Muslims who are able should perform the Hajj, or at least Umroh. For the Hajj is one of worship commanded by God especially for those who already have enough wealth to go to the holy land. Lodging in Indonesia to travel Umroh usually managed by an agent or a travel agency specialized Umrah and Hajj which already have official permission from the Ministry of Religious Affairs. Already many current Umrah travel agency that offers a variety of travel packages Umrah from departure until the return to the homeland. Especially for those who live in the city currently has no travel umroh Jakarta who can help us in performing Umrah trip with outstanding service that Abutours.


Abutours an Umrah travel that is experienced in providing services to Umrah pilgrims to get various fasiitas best and complete service and classy. Therefore Abutours today is one of the best Umrah travel that has been chosen by Umrah pilgrims in Indonesia. Abutours an Umrah travel Jakarta that provides convenience to all the pilgrims who will carry out the pilgrimage to determine adjusted to the scheduled departure time of pilgrims so as to make all the preparations Umrah becomes easier and safer.
Some of the best service is provided by Abutours include:


1. Umrah Packages


Abutours offers a variety of Umrah package at a bargain price includes Promo package and Regular with five star hotel facilities. To the departure point already spread in many big cities like Jakarta, Bandung, Makassar, Medan, Palembang, Balikpapan, Surabaya and Kediri so it is appropriate if the bureau Umrah Abutours best in 2016.


2. umroh's Promo


Abutours also provide Umrah package at cheap and affordable prices making it very beneficial for the travelers because all costs are included with the airport tax, tax, handling and of course with a range of other facilities and the best services.
Various service and quality amenities that all we can get on Abutours.

Tuesday, November 22, 2016

Fun things to do in Jakarta

Some Fun things to do in Jakarta


After you visit Bali, then you should not forget to visit Jakarta. Jakarta is the capital city of Indonesia that is really crowded but it also offers some great things when you want to enjoy your holiday there. There are a few things to do in Jakarta that you should never miss when visiting this city. Most of the people dream of coming to Jakarta, you probably belong to those who want to visit Jakarta. Here, Indonesia travel Singapore would like to give some inspiration to you about some things to do in Jakarta.


Visiting Marina Port
Marina port is located in the northern part of Jakarta as a port for any cruise ships that come to Jakarta. This becomes the first luxurious ports in Indonesia and it is specifically designed for cruise ships. In Marina, you can also play some water sports such as water ski, surfing, sailing, diving, and you can also go to Kepulauan Seribu from this port.


Visiting Bidadari Island
Another thing to do in Jakarta is visiting Bidadari Island. This island is an island that is visited by local visitors and it is located in Kepulauan Seribu. If you want to visit this island, you can go from Marina port and you need 20 minutes to get there. There are 49 cottages that can accommodate you when visiting the island and other facilities that can make your holiday more fun like you are visiting Bali.


Ocean Ecopark
This attraction is also quite popular in Jakarta in which there are so many events that are held in the location. For those who love fishing, Fishing in Ocean Ecopark can be the best thing to do in Jakarta that you can try. Ocean Ecopark offers a new program called Eco-fishing in which you need to pay a ticket and you can fish as you wish.



Fun Things to Do in Jakarta


Jakarta is a special city and there are a couple of tourist destinations that you have to visit when you come to this city. So these are a couple of lists of things to do in Jakarta and also a couple of tourist attractions and points of interest in Jakarta.


Go to the Ancol Beach
Many people think that they do not have to pay for enjoying the beach in Jakarta. According to them, the beach is the public facility which is free to visit for everyone. Ancol is the perfect place to visit for those of you who want to enjoy the sunset. You can enjoy it while hanging out with your family and friends in a café. For those of you who love photography, this place is very interesting to take a couple of great pictures of you and your family.


Dufan
Dunia Fantasi is probably the biggest amusement park in Indonesia, besides Trans Studio Bandung and Makassar. This place is the right place for you to play around after you have a lot of things to do in Jakarta. It is like a dream come true for Indonesian people to visit Dufan who live outside Java Island. If you want to spend your great time with your family and friends, Dufan is the perfect place for you. But if it is possible, do not visit Dufan on the weekend because it will be very crowded.


Walking around Jalan Surabaya
For those of you who want to buy antique stuff, you have to spend your time to walk around Jalan Surabaya. You can find a couple of stores which offer antiques. But you have to be careful to purchase stuff from here because not all of the stuff are antique. A couple of those items are made as antiques newly.

Sunday, November 13, 2016

Bali Ubud Tour

Bali Ubud Tour


Do you want to visit Bali? If you do want to visit Bali, you must not forget to go to Ubud as the best tourist spot in the northern part of the Bali Capital city. You can do a lot of things when you join Bali Ubud Tour because Ubud offers so many harmonious attractions that you have never seen before. There are so many activities that you can do in Bali Ubud. Through this short article, Indonesia Travel Singapore would like to share with you some exciting activities that you can do when joining Bali Ubud Tour.


Joining Yoga Class
There are so many foreign tourists who visit Bali and go to Ubud for having fun Yoga. They are inspired by the movie of Eat Pray Love where one of the takes was taken in Ubud and shows a Yoga activity. It seems that Yoga class is perfect for any women who want to get relaxation in the morning because there are so many Yoga instructors available in Bali Ubud Tour. Some of the hotels provide Yoga class for their visitors and you can join if you wish.


Visiting Some Museums
Ubud is one of the locations in Bali that provides some museums. There are six museums that you can visit when you join Bali Ubud tour and all of the museums are relating to art and painting. For example, you can visit Museum Puri Painting that belongs to the first museum in Bali. It has some painting collections in the three eras starting from the era of Bali kingdom until the independence day of Indonesia era. Some of the other museums are Neka Art Museum, Rudana Museum, Agung Rai Museum of Art, and much more.


Riding Bicycle in the Morning
One of the most favorite activities that are commonly done by foreign tourists is riding a bicycle in the morning. This can be really fun because the air in the morning is so fresh and you can take your moment to ride a bike along the rice terrace near the hotel or villa where you stay. You can also mingle with the local people who wake up in the morning and go to the rice field. You can also ask the farmer to teach you how to plant rice. This can be your great experience ever when you join Bali Ubud tour. So, you should miss this great moment by the way.

Wednesday, November 2, 2016

5 Ways To Choose Your Hotel

You are planning a holiday abroad for your family, and want everyone to have a good time. You surf the internet for hotel descriptions, but from the pictures that you see and what you read, all hotels project a perfect image of themselves. How can you tell which ones are better? You have never been there and know no one at your destination. At the same time, you don't want a hotel room that will bust your budget. How do you choose?


Check Independent Hotel Ratings


Well, the first step you can take is to visit hotel search engines for guest ratings for hotels represented by the search engines. In addition to pre-negotiated rates with individual hotels, most agents ask for ratings and comments from previous guests. Reading their comments will give you a fair idea on what to expect from the hotels located in your destination. Be sure to read a few comments in order to get a fair overview. Certain incidences described may only be rare occurrences that may already have been corrected.


Hotel Chains and Facilities


Are they part of an international hotel chain? Most international chains have stringent standards that are adhered to as well as a standard theme across all chains. They may have similar facilities (health clubs, spas, business centers, etc) which are important to maintain the hotel's high standards. Other things you can look out for include concierge, shuttle services to the city, airport transfers as well as good laundry services.


Location


Perhaps one of the most critical things when selecting a hotel is its location. Hotels that are near to shopping areas, train stations or the city center charge higher rates as compared to those located elsewhere. Analyze a map of the area before you book to determine the nearest shopping areas or access to trains which will give you much convenience in moving around. Also, check with the hotel if they have any large tour groups coming in at the same time. Hotels charge higher rates during high occupancy periods and do not have the flexibility of late check-outs. These are important aspects which, if overlooked, may affect your tour schedule as well as your impression of the hotel's level of hospitality.


Rates and Discounts


Hotel rates are a huge factor when it comes to choosing a hotel. However, paying more does not necessarily mean that you will receive an equivalent level of service and standards. One of the ways to maximize on prices would be check if they are part of an alliance with flights or car rental companies, which offer discounts to customers of their allies. Sometimes, credit card companies offer their cardholders exclusive rates to special hotels which can be pretty attractive. Additionally, if it's possible to use your frequent flyer points to redeem hotel discounts, this could help reduce hotel costs as well.


Boutique Hotels


Finally, apart from chain hotels, boutique hotels may are great alternatives for romantic getaways for couples or families seeking hotels of a more distinctive theme. Many boutique hotels have fewer rooms but offer more value added services such as spas within the bedroom, breakfasts in bed or even in-room massages. In the end, your choice of hotel really depends on what you want out of your holiday.

Thursday, October 20, 2016

Traditional Ceremonies: A Zambian Safari!



Zambia safari has it all ...an ideal tourist destination for that special holiday of your lifetime. And Africa's undiscovered gem! But why? Because of the rich cultural heritage, the spectacular wildlife, the unforgettable adventure and the awesome beauty.

And don't forget Zambia is home to the mystic and awesome Victoria Falls. And Zambians are well known for being warm and friendly people. Zambia safari is a cultural tourism you'll remember.

Rich Cultural Heritage

With a population of only 10 million people in a country of 753,614 sq km Zambia is large country. It's larger than Texas in the USA and has one of the lowest populations to land ratio in Africa. The high urbanisation has resulted in massive tracts of uninhabited land across the country. But, however, many of the rural inhabitants have retained their indigenous and traditional customs and values.

The government recognizes this and has set up institutions to protect and promote Zambian culture. The National Heritage Conservation Commission is one. Government and private museums and cultural villages promote the expression of artistic talents.

Over 73 dialects are spoken in Zambia but the official language is English and most Zambians speak it fairly well. All media and business is in English. Bemba is the next most commonly spoken language, followed by Nyanja. Other large languages are Tonga, Luvale, Lozi. Being a haven of peaceful Zambia has hosted many refuges from the neighbouring countries in the past and still do today. It's an epitome of unity in diversity.

Traditional Ceremonies

Would you have known it? Zambia has numerous traditional ceremonies. But a word of advice! They generally do not follow the normal calendar. The weather elements and a bit of "sniffing around" or such related matters bring things to bear on the date... if you get the drift...

But seriously, the timing of most traditional ceremonies depend more on natural factors such as rainfall, the season, the position of the moon, the month, etc. If you happen to be around when one of these ceremonies is on don't miss the opportunity. Just ask your tour operators they'll advise you.

There are more than 21 annual traditional ceremonies cerebrated in Zambia. They generally manifest customs, social life, rituals, oral history, material and spiritual culture. They provide a valuable insight to a traditional culture that has been passed down from generation to generation.

Two of the more colourful traditional ceremonies are Ku-omboka and Umutombuko.

Ku-omboka

The Ku-omboka means "to get out of the water onto dry ground". Every year during the rainy season as the floodwater of the upper Zambezi River valley rises, the Lozi people make a ceremonial move to higher ground.

They pack their belongings into canoes ....and the whole tribe leaves en mass! The Litunga (the Lozi King) rides in his royal barge called the "Nalikwanda". It's got zebra stripes that run up and down and make it look great on the water. Numerous boats and canoes of all sorts, shape, colour and make follow it.

Just imagine the jostling that gets under way when it's time for the people to get selected for this great honour, the honour to paddling the royal barge. A troop of traditionally dressed Lozis paddle it with pride. It takes about six hours to cover the distance between the wet season capital Limulunga and the dry season capital Lealui,

This crossing when completed successfully is celebrated with traditional singing and dancing. Great traditional beer and all! This ceremony dates back more than 300 years ago.

The Umutombuko

The celebration is an annual reminder of the victories of Chief Mwata Kazembe of the Lunda people. It commemorates the migration of his great kingdom into Luapula Province of Zambia from the Congo earlier last century. The two-day ceremony is a grand affair, mixed with ritual, semi-mystic performance, pounding drumbeats and long speeches. The women bring tributes of beer and food to the chief.

Then the chief, smeared with white powder, goes to pay homage to his ancestral spirits by pouring the foodstuff in special places such as shrines and into the special lake. Children have a "field day." They jump into the water to collect the food stuff. ...and they get praised for finding the bounty.

Later the Chief is carried in a special hammock back to his palace accompanied by the beating of drums. On the second day, a goat is slaughtered before the Mutomboko dance is opened by the chief. This ceremony takes place in the Luapula Province near the border with DR Congo.